We use cookies to improve our site and your experience. By continuing to browse on this website you accept the use of cookies. Read more...

Butcher v Southend-On-Sea Borough Council, CA(Civ Div), 30/10/14

This CA case will be of interest to practitioners with an interest in slip-and-trip claims.

B was walking along a tarmac path outside sheltered housing accommodation owned by the local authority. There was difference in levels between the tarmac path and an area of grass running alongside the path. B stepped half on the path and half on the grass and fell sustaining personal injury. The local authority inspected the area after the accident and concluded that the dry weather had caused the earth to shrink from the edge of the path. The local authority then instructed contractors to fill in the drop with soil to bring the surrounding area up to the level of the path. 

At first instance the Judge found that it was foreseeable that someone might lose their footing at the edge of the path because of the change in levels. The defect was obvious and could easily have been repaired. The Judge found that the local authority was in breach of its duty as an occupier. B was found to be 50% contributorily negligent because the hazard would have been seen by someone paying attention.

The local authority appealed, arguing that the Judge had given insufficient weight to their reasonable system of inspection and risk assessment which they believed absolved them of liability.

The CA held that the issue of a system of inspection was relevant where a hazard suddenly developed, such as a spillage of oil, or yoghurt in the case of Ward v Tesco [1976] 1 WLR 810. However the hazard in this case had not developed suddenly and nor was it the kind of hazard which required a professional risk assessment, as with the risk of branches falling from trees (Bowen v National Trust [2011] EWHC 1992 (QB). Instead it was hazard that was plain to see and was present for some time.

The CA held that the question facing the trial judge at first instance was: before the accident was it forseeable that someone would step off the path and lose their footing because of the drop? The Judge at first instance was not wrong to find the injury was forseeable and find that the local authority had not taken such case as was reasonable in all the circumstances to see that visitors were reasonably safe. There was no error of law and the appeal was dismissed.

Vaughan Jacob / 1st Nov 2014


Disclaimer

The information and any commentary on the law contained on this web site is provided free of charge for information purposes only. Every reasonable effort is made to make the information and commentary accurate and up to date, but no responsibility for its accuracy and correctness, or for any consequences of relying on it, is assumed by any member of Chambers. The information and commentary does not, and is not intended to, amount to legal advice to any person on a specific case or matter. You are strongly advised to obtain specific, personal advice from a lawyer about your case or matter and not to rely on the information or comments on this site. No responsibility is accepted for the content or accuracy of linked sites.


Download as PDF


Back to News