Phonographic Performance Ltd v Ambibola Balgun t/a Mama Africa  EWHC 1327
On the 10th November 2016 the CJEU held that a European trade mark for the three-dimensional representation of a puzzle (essentially a Rubik’s cube) could not continue to be registered as an EU trade mark as it offended against Article 7(1)(e)(ii) of the Trade Mark Regulation 40/94.
Posting a hyperlink to copyright works that appear on the internet without a copyright owner's consent is not an infringement, unless done for financial gain. So the CJEU ruled on 8 September 2016 in GS Media v Sanoma (Case C – 160/15).
Brand owners fight back
As of the 6th of April 2016, important new rules affecting costs budgeting come into force.